This is How the USA “Reassures Europe”: The Art of War

In fiscal year 2018 (which begins on 1 October 2017) the Trump administration will increase its allotment for the “Initiative For European Reassurance” (Eri) by more than 40%[. Eri was] launched by the Obama Administration following “Russia’s illegal invasion of Ukraine in 2014”. So announces General Curtis Scaparrotti. He heads the US European Command, a position which makes him automatically the Supreme Allied Command in Europe.

Starting at 985 million dollars in 2015, Eri funding has rocketed to 3.4 billion dollars in 2017 and will climb even further still (according to the terms of the balance sheet) reaching 4.8 billion dollars in 2018. That means that over four years, 10 billion dollars will be spent by the United States for “increasing our capacity to defend Europe against Russian aggression”. Almost half the expenditure for 2018 – 2.2 billion dollars– will be used to empower US “strategic pre-positioning” in Europe. By US “strategic pre-positioning” we mean depositing arms that stationed in advanced positions, will allow “the rapid deployment of forces in the theatre of war”. Another huge amount– 1.7 billion dollars – has been allocated to “grow the presence of the rotating base of US forces across Europe”.

The remaining amounts, each to the tune of hundreds of millions of dollars, will be used to develop infrastructure in bases throughout Europe to “increase the readiness of US action” and to enable military exercises and training to “grow the readiness and inter-operability of Nato forces”.

Eri funding – specifies the US European Command –is only one tranche of the funds earmarked for “Operation Atlantic Resolve, the purpose of which is to demonstrate the US’s capacity to respond to threats against allies”.

In the context of this operation, the armoured Brigade 3a (composed of 3,500 men, 87 tanks, 18 self-propelled howitzers, 144 Bradley combat vehicles, another 400 Humvees and 2,000 vehicles for transport), was moved from Fort Carson (Colorado) to Poland last January. Within a year, the 3a armoured brigade will be replaced by another unit, ensuring that US armoured forces are permanently poised for action in Polish territory. From here, their units are transferred for training and drills, to other countries in the East, mainly Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Bulgaria, Romania, and probably Ukraine as well. In other words, units are continuously being lined up at the Russian border.

Part of this same operation also involved transferring last February from Fort Drum (New York), to the base of Illesheim (Germany), the 10a Air Fighter Brigade, with more than 2,000 men and about a hundred military helicopters. From Illesheim, its task forces are sent “to advanced positions” in Poland, Romania and Lithuania. In the bases of Ämari (Estonia) and Graf Ignatievo (Bulgaria), US and Nato bomber fighters, including Italian Eurofighters are stationed, for “air patrolling” the Baltic.

Furthermore, the operation anticipates “a persistence presence in the Black Sea” with the air base at Kogalniceanu (Romania) and training base at Novo Selo (Bulgaria).

The plan is clear. After setting up the Maiden Square putsch to provoke a fresh confrontation with Russia, Washington (and this despite the change of administration) is following the same strategy: to transform Europe into the first line of fire for a new cold war. This will be to the advantage of US interests and their power relations with the biggest European powers.

The ten billion dollars invested by the US to “reassure” Europe is actually serving to make Europe even more insecure.


Picture of General Curtis Scaparrotti :

Article in Italian :

Translation : Anoosha Boralessa for

Articles by: Manlio Dinucci

About the author:

Manlio Dinucci est géographe et journaliste. Il a une chronique hebdomadaire “L’art de la guerre” au quotidien italien il manifesto. Parmi ses derniers livres: Geocommunity (en trois tomes) Ed. Zanichelli 2013; Geolaboratorio, Ed. Zanichelli 2014;Se dici guerra…, Ed. Kappa Vu 2014.

Disclaimer: The contents of this article are of sole responsibility of the author(s). The Centre for Research on Globalization will not be responsible for any inaccurate or incorrect statement in this article. The Centre of Research on Globalization grants permission to cross-post Global Research articles on community internet sites as long the source and copyright are acknowledged together with a hyperlink to the original Global Research article. For publication of Global Research articles in print or other forms including commercial internet sites, contact: [email protected] contains copyrighted material the use of which has not always been specifically authorized by the copyright owner. We are making such material available to our readers under the provisions of "fair use" in an effort to advance a better understanding of political, economic and social issues. The material on this site is distributed without profit to those who have expressed a prior interest in receiving it for research and educational purposes. If you wish to use copyrighted material for purposes other than "fair use" you must request permission from the copyright owner.

For media inquiries: [email protected]