Global Research News

Alert COVID-19: RNA-Type Vaccines Which Modify the Human Genome. Crackdown on Free Speech By Peter Koenig, December 04 2020

This first video interview may be one of the most important ones you listen to before the onslaught of the Covid-19 vaccine – distinction: Western style Covid-19 vaccine.

The Russian Sputnik V is not part of the same design.


Trump’s Support for Israel’s Killing of Iranian Scientist Could Lead to War By Prof. Marjorie Cohn, December 04 2020

In the weeks remaining before Joe Biden’s inauguration, Donald Trump is taking actions — including aiding and abetting murder — to prevent his successor from pursuing diplomacy with Iran.

On November 27, Israel assassinated Mohsen Fakhrizadeh, Iran’s top nuclear

Artificial Intelligence (AI), Robotics, and the Trajectory of Human Civilization By Prof. Ruel F. Pepa, December 04 2020

“I believe that at the end of the century the use of words and general educated opinion will have altered so much that one will be able to speak of machines thinking without expecting to be contradicted.”  Alan Turing

No Escape from Our Techno-Feudal World By Pepe Escobar, December 04 2020

This article was originally published on Asia Times.

The political economy of the Digital Age remains virtually terra incognita. In Techno-Feudalism, published three months ago in France (no English translation yet), Cedric Durand, an economist at the Sorbonne,

Jab Me if You Can: How Political Endorsements Defeat Vaccinations By Dr. Binoy Kampmark, December 04 2020

Will they ever learn?  When former US Presidents Barack Obama, George W. Bush and Bill Clinton announced that they would publicly take a vaccine against COVID-19, National Public Radio seemed impressed.  “Who better to promote a product than a

Video: Election Fraud Investigation Hearings in Michigan By Global Research News, December 04 2020

See the video report of Michigan Election Investigation Hearings which documents evidence of election fraud

Wednesday, December 2, 2020: Rudy Giuliani, President Donald Trump’s personal lawyer and the man in charge of Trump’s fight to overturn election results in

New Judicial Watch Study Finds 353 U.S. Counties in 29 States with Voter Registration Rates Exceeding 100% By Judicial Watch, December 04 2020

Judicial Watch announced today that a September 2020 study revealed that 353 U.S. counties had 1.8 million more registered voters than eligible voting-age citizens. In other words, the registration rates of those counties exceeded 100% of eligible voters. The study

Isolated and Alone. Palestinian Children Held in Solitary Confinement by Israeli Authorities for Interrogation By Defense for Children International - Palestine, December 04 2020


Between January 1, 2016 and December 31, 2019, Defense for Children International – Palestine (DCIP) documented 108 cases in which Palestinian children arrested by the Israeli military were held in isolation for two or more days during the interrogation

Cuba’s Henry Reeve Medical Brigade Candidature for the 2021 Nobel Peace Prize By Table De Concertation De Solidarité Québec-Cuba, December 04 2020

On November 26, the Norwegian Nobel Committee confirmed that it had accepted the candidature of the Henry Reeve Medical Brigade sponsored by Professor Gilles Bibeau from Quebec. 

In a year in which global attention is being focused on the challenges …

Injecting Liquidity into the Real Economy: Why the Federal Reserve Needs Public Banks By Ellen Brown, December 04 2020

The Fed’s policy tools – interest rate manipulation, quantitative easing, and “Special Purpose Vehicles” – have all failed to revive local economies suffering from government-mandated shutdowns. The Fed must rely on private banks to inject credit into Main Street, and

Video: Second Karabakh War Reshapes Strategic Transport Corridors in South Caucasus By South Front, December 04 2020

The Second Nagorno-Karabakh War not only led to a shift of the military political balance of power in the South Caucasus, but the agreements reached to put an end to it would potentially greatly reshape transport links, and thus freight

England’s GPs ‘Left in the Dark’ over COVID Vaccine Rollout By James Cusick, December 04 2020

England’s GPs, who are expected to play a pivotal role in the roll out of coronavirus vaccines, say they are in the dark about how exactly they will fit into the government’s plans, according to the British Medical Association (BMA).

“Operation Condor”: The CIA’s Secret Global War Against Latin America’s Left By Branko Marcetic, December 04 2020

Forty-five years ago, under a cloak of secrecy, Operation Condor was officially launched: a global campaign of violent repression against the Latin American left by the region’s quasi-fascist military dictatorships. The US government not only knew about the program —

Facts About COVID-19 By Swiss Propaganda Research, December 04 2020

Fully referenced facts about covid-19, provided by experts in the field, to help our readers make a realistic risk assessment. (Regular updates below).

“The only means to fight the plague is honesty.” (Albert Camus, 1947)



  1. Lethality:
US-Backed Opposition in Venezuela Is in Freefall, Have Only Themselves to Blame By Pablo Vivanco, December 04 2020

Most people around the globe would agree that 2020 has been a year to forget. This is certainly, if not especially, true for Venezuela’s opposition, and the upcoming parliamentary vote will only add to their misfortunes.

A revolt from within …

Biden Inherits Middle East’s Grapes of Wrath By M. K. Bhadrakumar, December 04 2020

On the arid landscape of the Arabian deserts, the outgoing US president Donald Trump and his son-in-law Jared Kushner planted a sapling called the Abraham Accords last August. They forecast it to be the harbinger of a future vineyard of

US War Department Vaccination Cards By Stephen Lendman, December 04 2020

All vaccines are hazardous to human health.

It’s why they should be avoided, safe alternatives chosen for protection.

Rushed development, inadequately tested, covid vaccines will be especially dangerous.

In what ways and to what extent will only be known in …

Australian Court Upholds Sacking of Academic for Criticising US and Israeli Militarism By Mike Head, December 04 2020
This Week’s Most Popular Articles By Global Research News, December 04 2020
US Struggles for Relevance in Southeast Asia By Tony Cartalucci, December 04 2020
Seeds of Destruction, Globalization of Poverty, Globalization of War: Three Important Books From Global Research Publishers By Global Research News, December 03 2020

Global Research brings you a selection of three books that help give some context to the current state of the world and the power dynamics that got us here. Unfortunately, these books remain rather relevant, if not more so than

“Greater Israel”: The Zionist Plan for the Middle East By Israel Shahak and Prof Michel Chossudovsky, December 03 2020
When viewed in the current context, the war on Iraq, the 2006 war on Lebanon, the 2011 war on Libya, the ongoing wars on Syria and Iraq, the war on Yemen, must be understood in relation to the Zionist Plan for the Middle East
The Coronavirus COVID-19 Pandemic: The Real Danger is “Agenda ID2020” By Peter Koenig, December 03 2020
WHO has most likely received orders from "above”, from those people who also manage Trump and the “leaders” (sic) of the EU, European Union. The final decision to go ahead NOW with COVID-19 pandemic, was taken in January 2020 at the World Economic Forum (WEF) in Davos - behind very much closed doors.
The “Secret Agenda” of the So-called Elite By Dr. Rudolf Hänsel, December 03 2020

Important and timely article, first published on April 10, 2020

“The International” is the world-renowned battle song of the socialist labor movement. The English version of the original French text reads:

“Wake up, damned of this earth, who are still

After the Lockdown: A Global Coronavirus Vaccination Program By Prof Michel Chossudovsky, December 03 2020
The tendency is towards a Worldwide lockdown spearheaded by fear and media disinformation. Currently, hundreds of millions of people Worldwide are under lockdown. What is the next step in the evolution of the COV-19 Crisis? A multibillion dollar coronavirus vaccination program to be implemented in the wake of the Lockdown.
The Skripal Affair: Remembering a UK False Flag By Megan Sherman, December 03 2020

In a case of what must be called incriminating timing – the facts established after official conclusions and reprisals were declared – the scientists and experts of Porton Down, the UK’s leading chemical weapons research facility, declared their extensive investigations

A Killing in Iran: Who Gains from Yet Another Assassination? The Role of MEK? By Philip Giraldi, December 03 2020

It is not often that one can agree with the pronouncements made by former Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) Director John Brennan, but his tweeted comment on the killing of Iranian scientist Mohsen Fakhrizadeh suggesting that the incident “…was a

Pakistan Pressured by Saudi Arabia and UAE to Recognize and Accept the State of Israel By Junaid S. Ahmad, December 03 2020

Putting aside the relics of past Cold War theatrics, Pakistan has been consistently struggling to advance peace and justice in the world. The struggle though has intensified. Pakistan currently experiences unprecedented pressure from the conservative Gulf monarchies of Saudi Arabia

Election Fraud: Where’s the Independent Press? The Mainstream Press Has Failed America By Jacob G. Hornberger, December 03 2020

While President Trump continues to maintain that the presidential election was marred by massive fraud, the mainstream press continues to maintain that Trump’s charges are “false” and “baseless” and that his allegations are damaging trust in America’s democratic electoral system.

Will Face Masks Cause Facial Deformities in Children? By John C. A. Manley, December 03 2020

“When wearing a mask, most of us breathe with our upper chest muscles and with our mouth open,” states Children’s Minnesota on their website.

While the hospital admits this can cause “increased stress and anxiety” there are other more

UK Minister Warns Brits Could be “Denied Normal Life” If They Do Not Receive COVID Vaccination By Joseph Jankowski, December 03 2020

Brits could be denied entry into bars, theaters, and sporting events if they can not prove they’ve received vaccination against COVID-19, according to the head of the United Kingdom’s vaccine rollout.

Nadhim Zahawi, the newly appointed minister to oversee …

The Nuclear Bomb Is Ready: In Italy Soon. The B61-12 has a Nuclear Warhead with 4 “Selectable Power Options” By Manlio Dinucci, December 03 2020

A video was released on November 23 by Sandia National Laboratories that shows a US F-35A fighter flying at supersonic speed  3000 meters above sea level, launching a B61-12 nuclear bomb (non-nuclear warhead equipped). The bomb did not fall vertically

Boycott the Vaccination Program: The FDA-approved Drug Ivermectin Inhibits the Replication of SARS-CoV-2 but Nobody Talks About It By Peter Koenig, December 03 2020

Peruvian Doctors for the Truth have issued a short video, explaining the enormous risks of the three different types of vaccines currently on the market in Peru, two of them are genetically engineered in one way or another and will

Biden’s COVID “Supply Commander” Is Bad Medicine By Bradley Thomas, December 03 2020

Included in his plans to fight the coronavirus, presumptive president-elect Joe Biden has pledged to appoint “a fully empowered supply commander in charge of filling in the gaps” in the production and supply of “essential” items needed to fight the

Video: Chicken Kiev Meets Cold Turkey: Black Sea Turkey-Ukraine Axis Emerges? By South Front, December 03 2020

On the face of it, an alliance between Turkey and Ukraine seems like a rather odd creation, yet one that may surprisingly durable simply because neither country has anywhere else to turn. What practically dooms them to a partnership if

Eisenhower’s Ghost Haunts Biden’s Foreign Policy Team By Nicolas J. S. Davies, December 03 2020

In his first words as President-elect Joe Biden’s nominee for Secretary of State, Antony  Blinken said, “we have to proceed with equal measures of humility and confidence.” Many around the world will welcome this promise of humility from the new

Censorship in the Biden Era By Margaret Kimberley, December 03 2020

The corporate media have joined the incoming administration in deciding what we can and cannot see and hear.

Ever since Donald Trump was elected president in 2016 the country has been warned about the dangers of fascism. It isn’t difficult

Black Lives Matter (BLM) Chapters Demand “Accountability” from Trio that Cashed in on the Movement By Glen Ford, December 03 2020

Ten chapters of the national Black Lives Matter organization are in open revolt against the individuals that have treated the mass movement as their personal vehicle for upward political, professional and financial advancement.

In 2013 three Black women social activist …

Yemen: Trump Is Showering Saudi Arabia with Last-Minute Gifts By Ahmed AbdulKareem, December 03 2020

While the administration of Donald Trump readies its exit from the White House and the Middle East, Saudi Arabia’s use of American diplomatic cover and weapons alike has taken on a fevered pace as the Kingdom deepens the tragedy it

Is Trump Right? Was Election 2020 Rigged? By Stephen Lendman, December 03 2020

Rigged Election 2020 wasn’t the first time it happened in America.

Throughout US history, it occurred time and again at the federal, state and local levels.

“Democracy” by duopoly rule eliminates competition from independent candidates, debauching the process, assuring democracy …

Pfizer and Moderna’s “95% Effective” Vaccines—Let’s be Cautious and First See the Full Data By Dr. Peter Doshi, December 03 2020

In the United States, all eyes are on Pfizer and Moderna. The topline efficacy results from their experimental covid-19 vaccine trials are astounding at first glance. Pfizer says it recorded 170 covid-19 cases (in 44,000 volunteers), with a remarkable split:

After this New Wave of Lockdowns, Most People Will Accept Any “Solution” Because They Will be So Desperate By Michael Snyder, December 03 2020

When people become desperate enough, those in power can get most of them to do just about anything.  The first wave of lockdowns knocked us into the worst economic downturn since the Great Depression of the 1930s, it sent

Video: President Trump’s Unscheduled Speech on the 2020 Election By Pres. Donald Trump, December 03 2020

We bring to the attention of our readers, the  Video as well as the complete transcript of Donald Trump’s Speech.

This is for the purpose of information only, discussion and debate.

The US corporate media has sofar provided a slanted

Video: The Problem with the COVID Vaccine. Robert F. Kennedy Jr. By Robert F. Kennedy Jr and Theo Von, December 03 2020

“The problem with the COVID vaccine is that they recognize that it’s gonna be really hard to get a vaccine so they have been reducing our standards so they can pass the vaccine no matter what.” – Robert F. Kennedy

Trump Tells Pompeo: Go Wild on Iran, Just Don’t Risk ‘World War III’ By Erin Banco and Asawin Suebsaeng, December 03 2020

President Donald Trump may only have seven weeks left in office, but he’s given his top advisers the green light to batter the Iranian regime—anything that doesn’t hazard a full-on war before Joe Biden is inaugurated.

According to …

As Support for Independence Soars, Scottish Nationalists Must Unite By Johanna Ross, December 03 2020

Alex Salmond is back. Scotland’s former First Minister, under whom the SNP went from strength to strength, has unveiled his own 5-point plan together with MSP Alex Neil, to address the economic aftershocks of the pandemic in Scotland.

There have …

“Global Policeman”: Why’s the US in the South China Sea? By Andrew Korybko, December 02 2020

America regards itself as the “global policeman”, hence its arrogant actions, but it was never deputized by the international community to fulfill such a role. Rather, it’s more like a dangerously delusional role player than a legitimate law enforcement officer.

The Proof Is in: The Election Was Stolen By Dr. Paul Craig Roberts, December 02 2020

I have read enough of the fraud reports, affidavits, and statements from election security and forensic experts to be comfortable in my conclusion that the election was stolen.  But I am not confident that anything will be done about the

US Department of Justice (DOJ) Coverup of 2020 Election Fraud By Stephen Lendman, December 02 2020

Despite significant evidence of Election 2020 fraud, Attorney General Barr proved he’s a fifth column Trump regime member.

Telling AP News that “to date, we have not seen fraud on a scale that could have effected a different outcome in

Wall Street Crowd to Run Biden’s Neoliberal Agenda By Stephen Lendman, December 02 2020

Since Biden/Harris were dubiously chosen as Dem standard bearers, establishment media across the board bombarded the US public with puff-piece reporting about them — ignoring their dark side.

A former US envoy once described Pompeo as the most “sycophantic and …

hCG Found in WHO Tetanus Vaccine in Kenya Raises Concern in the Developing World By John Oller, Christopher A Shaw, and et al., December 02 2020

Of relevance to the current debate on vaccines, originally published in 2017


In 1993, WHO announced a “birth-control vaccine” for “family planning”. Published research shows that by 1976 WHO researchers had conjugated tetanus toxoid (TT) with human chorionic gonadotropin

Aerially Sprayed Pesticide Contains the PFAS “Forever Chemicals”. Impacts on Human Health By PEER, December 02 2020

State efforts to control mosquito-borne illnesses may be creating a new health problem. The insecticide Massachusetts and numerous other states use for mosquito control, both applied aerially and sprayed from trucks along roads, contains per-and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS), according to

Video: Azerbaijani Troops Are in Lachin, but Unresolved Karabakh Status Remains Source of Tensions By South Front, December 02 2020

The Nagorno-Karabakh region has been nearing the end of the first phase of the implementation of the Armenian-Azerbaijani ceasefire deal that started on November 10.

Late on November 30, Azerbaijani troops started entering the Lachin district in the Nagorno-Karabkah region. …

Joe Biden’s Silence on Ending the Drone Wars. The So-called “Targeted Killings” By Elise Swain, December 02 2020

President-elect Joe Biden has maintained silence for years on the controversial and continued use of so-called targeted killings — lethal strikes by drones, cruise missiles, and occasionally military special operations raids. Biden has never publicly disavowed or criticized former President

Warp Speed Ahead: COVID-19 Vaccines Pave the Way for a New Frontier in Surveillance By John W. Whitehead, December 02 2020
UK Campaign to Stop Killer Robots Writes to Defence Secretary on the UK’s Approach to LAWS By Chris Cole, December 02 2020

As members of the UK Campaign to Stop Killer Robots, Drone Wars and a number of other UK civil society groups have written to Secretary of State Ben Wallace on the UK’s position on the development of Lethal Autonomous

Trump’s Landslide Meets the Politics of Electoral Fraud in America By Prof. Anthony J. Hall, December 02 2020

I want the American public to know right now, we will not be intimidated. American patriots are fed up with the corruption from the local level to the highest level of our government. We are going to take this country

American Study Finds Signs of Coronavirus in US Before China Outbreak By Linda Lew, December 02 2020

The US has added to research from Italy and France that indicates the coronavirus might have been circulating among people in a number of countries before it was identified in China and erupted into a pandemic.

Scientists from the US …

Bomb Libya and Take Its Oil: Biden Budget Chief Pick Neera Tanden Agreed with Trump By Ben Norton, December 02 2020

This article was originally published on Salon in June 2016.

“Unless we take the oil from Libya, I have no interest in Libya,” said Donald Trump in an April 2011 interview on CNN’s “Newsroom.”

The U.S. government was considering military …

Corrupt Science and Elite Power: Covid-19 “Techno-Slavery” and the “Great Reset” Are Now Imminent By Robert J. Burrowes, December 02 2020

Do you like to believe that scientists are studying the evidence – whether in relation to Covid-19 or anything else – and delivering high quality knowledge that can be used to guide public policymaking so that it might better serve

Ten Years Since WikiLeaks Published the US Diplomatic Cables By Thomas Scripps, December 02 2020

Today is the tenth anniversary of “Cablegate” when WikiLeaks, leading a group of partner media organisations, began reporting on the contents of hundreds of thousands of leaked United States government diplomatic cables.

The documents revealed the vast scope and global …

Bayer Lobbying “Very Strongly” to Change EU’s GMO Regulations to Exempt Gene Editing By GMWatch, December 02 2020

Speaking during the Bayer Future of Farming online conference, Liam Condon, president of crop science at Bayer, said the company is lobbying “very strongly” to change the EU’s GMO regulations to exempt gene editing, according to an article in

Australian War Crimes in Afghanistan Go All the Way to the Top By Keith Lamb, December 02 2020

The Australian Defense Force’s (ADF) recent inquiry into Australian special forces conduct in Afghanistan, between 2005 and 2016, reveals that 39 Afghan prisoners and civilians were killed outside of battle, as part of a culture of “competition killings,” where commanders

Spain on the Brink of Financial Collapse By Lucas Leiroz de Almeida, December 02 2020

The Spanish economic situation worsens day after day. The national manufacturing sector dropped significantly in November, according to data from IHS Markit, which attributes the decline to the drop in production demand due to the pandemic. The decrease in production

Former Officials of the Áñez Administration Are Fleeing Bolivia for U.S. and Brazil By Paul Antonopoulos, December 02 2020

New Bolivian President Luis Arce is investigating several former officials who served his predecessor Jeanine Áñez. They are accused of corruption or being responsible for massacres. Dozens fled Bolivia for the U.S. and Brazil to avoid prosecution, while others have

The Davos “Great Reset” 2021 Agenda of the World Economic Forum. A New Phase of Economic and Social Destruction? By Dr. Rudolf Hänsel, December 02 2020

On June 3, 2020, as a consequence of the “global health crisis”, the World Economic Forum WEF in Geneva announced a “unique twin summit” for January 2021 in Davos, Switzerland.(1) The theme should be “The Great Reset”. The WEF defines

Doctored Indignation: Australia-China Relations By Dr. Binoy Kampmark, December 02 2020
Disputed Election 2020 Results in Key Swing State Pennsylvania By Stephen Lendman, December 02 2020

Brazen Election 2020 fraud in Pennsylvania and other key swing states rigged things for Biden/Harris over Trump.

If he’s out and they’re inaugurated on January 20, the events of that day will be an epitaph for open, free, and fair

Tony Blinken Replaces Mike Pompeo By Philip Giraldi, December 02 2020

I for one am getting really excited by the staff that Honest Joe Biden is pulling together for the White House. When I first heard the name Tony Blinken during the Obama kleptocracy I assumed that he was one of

Millions of Americans Vulnerable to Eviction By Stephen Lendman, December 02 2020

During the most severe Main Street economic collapse in US history — with over one-fourth of working-age Americans jobless — additional calamity looms in the coming weeks.

According to Census Bureau estimates, 30 to 40 million Americans face possible eviction …

Amazon Deforestation Tops 11,000 sq km in Brazil, Reaching 12-year High By Mongabay, December 02 2020

Deforestation in the Brazilian Amazon topped 11,000 square kilometers for the first time since 2008 reports the Brazilian government.

According to data released today by Brazil’s national space research institute INPE, deforestation in the Brazilian Amazon for the year …

US Hospitals Getting Paid More to Label Cause of Death as ‘Coronavirus’ By Sen. Scott Jensen and Wayne Dupree, December 02 2020

First published on April 15, 2020. Repost

Senator Scott Jensen represents Minnesota. He’s also a doctor. He appeared on Fox News with Laura Ingraham where he revealed a very disturbing piece of information.

Dr. Scott Jensen says the American Medical …

The Christmas Big Pharma Race Is On: “Back to Normal” When We Get the Covid Vaccine? By Js Adams, December 01 2020

Ask anyone and they will say things will be back to ‘normal’ as soon as we all have the vaccine. Furthermore, if your only source of news is sponsored by Big Pharma, then you better watch out. Despite what

Palestine Solidarity Committee (PSC) Calls Upon Government of Pakistan to Refrain from Recognizing Israel By Junaid S. Ahmad, December 01 2020

Dear friends, sisters, brothers, and comrades in the struggle for peace and justice: 

We hope this finds all of you well and safe.

The Palestine Solidarity Committee (PSC)-Pakistan is deeply distressed at the way in which the US and the …

Scientists and Historians Uncover Further Details of Racist 1921 Tulsa Massacre By Abayomi Azikiwe, December 01 2020

During World War I (1914-1918) and the immediately following years (1919-1921), racial tensions escalated inside the United States resulting in numerous efforts by white racists to contain and in many cases remove the presence of African Americans.

One of the …

Concerts, Sport Events: World’s Largest Ticket Agency Plans to Require COVID-19 Testing or Vaccination By Carolyn Hendler, December 01 2020

On Nov. 11, 2020, Billboard magazine reported that Ticketmaster, the world’s largest ticket agency, revealed it wants to require proof that ticket purchasers have tested negative for the SARS-CoV-2 virus within 24-72 hours before attending an event or have received

Petition in Defense of Academic Freedom. “Effectiveness of Face Mask ” Banned From Classroom Discussion? By Prof Mark Crispin Miller, December 01 2020

Dear President Hamilton,

Herewith I am submitting my petition in defense of academic freedom and free speech, prompted by my unfortunate experience at NYU since Sept. 20, when, as you are well aware, a student in my undergraduate propaganda course,

Germany’s Undiplomatic Threat to Russia, Triggers Harsh Rebukes from Moscow, Russia-Germany Relations in Crisis By Andrew Korybko, December 01 2020

The German Defense Minister’s undiplomatic threat that her country must negotiate “from a position of strength” with Russia, especially regarding military issues, triggered some harsh rebukes from Moscow which aimed to remind her of how unacceptable it is for Berlin

Video: Iranian Nuclear Program Gains Steam Following Fakhrizadeh Assassination By South Front, December 01 2020

US President Donald Trump is apparently set to slam the door and go to great lengths to show love to his friends in Tel Aviv before withdrawing from the White House.

On November 27, Mohsen Fakhrizadeh, a prominent Iranian …

On the Psychology of Evil. A First Approach to the Subject “Man Is Good”. Evil Will Not Succeed! By Dr. Rudolf Hänsel, December 01 2020

The ringleaders of the global conspiracy against us citizens have already pushed the realisation of their diabolical plans for a New World Order NWO and a One World Government based on the Chinese model as well as a “Great New