Global Research News

The Eurozone In Crisis? New President of the European Central Bank (ECB) has a Criminal Record. Christine Lagarde By Prof Michel Chossudovsky, October 18 2019
Lagarde was found "guilty" without the enforcement of a one year prison sentence. She was accused of "negligence" rather than "complicity" in a multimillion euro fraud. She was rewarded rather than penalized.
Winners and Losers in the Turkish Attack on Syria. Russia is the Most Successful Player By Elijah J. Magnier, October 18 2019

The United States of America emerged victorious from the Second World War, and came out stronger than any other country in the world. The allies- notably the Soviet Union- won the war but emerged much weaker. They needed to reconstruct

The Syrian Debacle Is Actually Well Planned Chaos By Brandon Smith, October 18 2019

For many years now I have focused a considerable amount of analysis on the subject of Syria, with an emphasis on the country’s importance to the global elites as a kind of geopolitical detonator; the first domino in a

Contradictory US/Turkey Ceasefire in Northern Syria. Turkey is Playing the US and Russia Cards Simultaneously By Stephen Lendman, October 18 2019

On Thursday in Ankara, Turkish President Erdogan met with Mike Pence and Pompeo, a joint statement by both sides issued following talks. See below. 

Trump regime hardliners want their imperial agenda in Syria continued, notably aiming to undermine Russian efforts …

Death, Bloodshed, and Misery in Yemen By Kathy Kelly, October 18 2019

Writing about his visit to the world’s largest weapons bazaar, held in London in October, journalist Arron Merat describes reading the slogan emblazoned above Raytheon’s stall: “Strike With Creativity.” Raytheon manufactures Paveway laser-guided bombs—produced in factories in the United States

Johnson Secures a Brexit Deal; but Does It Change Anything? By Johanna Ross, October 18 2019

In what has been deemed a boost for British Prime Minister Boris Johnson, a Brexit deal has finally been agreed with the EU, just a fortnight before the UK’s planned withdrawal date of 31st October. It was unclear right

What is the Difference between Capitalism and Socialism? By Larry Romanoff, October 18 2019

Some aspects of the American style of competition become more clear when placed in a broader context, in this case the underlying socio-economic system, so let’s take a quick look at the difference between capitalism and socialism. For at least

Democrat “Debate” Ignores War Crimes of the State By Kurt Nimmo, October 18 2019

Did you watch the Democrat debate? I didn’t. I haven’t had cable television and access to the alphabet propaganda networks for well over a decade. I suppose I could have watched it on the web, but why bother? The outcome

It’s Curtains for US in Syria. Russia, Iran Owe Big Thanks to Erdogan By M. K. Bhadrakumar, October 18 2019

The scenario agreed on behind the curtains through months of confidential exchanges, often one-on-one, between the Russian and Turkish leaders regarding north-eastern Syria is entering a critical phase of implementation on the ground with the agreement between the Kurds and

US-China “Trade” War? No Way. Only the Defeat of Turbo-Capitalism! By Andre Vltchek, October 18 2019

It is very popular these days to talk and write about the “trade war” between the United States and China. But is there really one raging? Or is it, what we are witnessing, simply a clash of political and ideological

The Russian Masterpiece in Syria: Everyone Wins By Federico Pieraccini, October 18 2019

“Moscow and Damascus have always maintained they are against any form of partition or illegal foreign presence in Syria.”

Moscow has managed to maintain contacts with all parties in the conflict, even in spite of its stance against partition and …

Syrian Army Entered Ayn al-Arab at the Borders with Turkey By Arabi Souri, October 18 2019

The Syrian Arab Army is deploying at Ayn Al-Arab, the tip of the Syrian northern borders with Turkey, its vanguards arriving in Raqqa, the city which US forces obliterated quite deliberately and claimed it had been liberated it from its

Contrary to Israeli Military Statement: 9 Year Old Child Abd a-Rahman Was Shot in the Head with Live Ammunition By B'Tselem, October 18 2019

This article was originally published in July 2019.

B’Tselem investigation published today proves a soldier fired live ammunition, hitting ‘Abd a-Rahman a-Shteiwi, 9, in the head. A-Shteiwi was injured last week while playing in the entrance to a

US-Greece-US: Lines Being Drawn by the U.S. in the Eastern Mediterranean, against Turkey and Russia? By Paul Antonopoulos, October 18 2019

Greek-U.S. relations have entered “a new era” with U.S. Secretary of State stating earlier this month that he has “come to Greece to expand the partnership that’s already at the best level it has ever been.” He followed up this

Serbia Is Surrendering to Greater Albania By Andrew Korybko, October 18 2019

The geopolitical project of “Greater Albania” received unprecedented support from an extremely unlikely source after Serbia surprisingly surrendered to the policy of passport-free travel for its Albanian and Macedonian neighbors by 2021 as part of an entirely voluntarily initiative that

Tulsi Gabbard, the Only Anti-War Progressive US Presidential Aspirant By Stephen Lendman, October 18 2019

Gabbard deserves praise for being anti-war and on the right side of other major issues.

Her “vision for America” includes world peace over endless US wars, no longer “supporting allies and partners of al-Qaeda, ISIL, Jabhat Fateh al Sham and

The Birth of a New English State? By Mike Wayne, October 18 2019

The right’s New Jerusalem: The birth of any new nation-state typically requires revolutionaries. And the British and Unionist Conservative Party is today the (perhaps surprising) political agent of a potentially new English nation-state. For this is not a Conservative party

US Military Unlikely to Withdraw from Eastern Syria and Its Oil Fields By Almasdar News, October 18 2019

The U.S. Armed Forces are not withdrawing from the eastern Euphrates River Valley region of Deir Ezzor or its plethora of oil fields, a military source in Damascus told Al-Masdar News.

According to the source, the U.S. Armed Forces won’t …

Universal Basic Income and the 2020 Election. Redistribution by Taxing the Rich By Richard C. Cook, October 18 2019

UBI promoter Andrew Yang may be the first candidate for president running under a major party banner to advocate it, but he is certainly not the first in history.

The idea of UBI has been around at least since Thomas …

Ecuador – The Fight Against Moreno and the IMF Is Far from Over By Peter Koenig, October 18 2019

In Ecuador, the fight against IMF austerity measures is far from over. Just a few hours after my article was published on Sunday, 13 October, Ecuador  – and the IMF’s Killing Spree – President Lenin Moreno declared the infamous Decree

Most Popular Articles This Week By Global Research News, October 18 2019
“Voices from Syria”: Syria’s War for Humanity By Mark Taliano, October 17 2019

Global Research Publishers bring you “Voices from Syria”, an important book by Mark Taliano. The book is available for order on our online store.

Click HERE to order.

Mark Taliano is an author and independent investigative reporter who

Truth About Syria.”How Could Corporate Journalists Get Away with Their Lies…” By Alison Banville, October 17 2019

Damascus, December 2018. Two great independent journalists sit down together:

 Eva Bartlett and Vanessa Beeley 


Eva Bartlett
: ‘when I arrived on the 29th (of December 2018) I was told that, aside from yourself (gestures to Vanessa Beeley), I was

Video: Syrian Army Entering Kobani and Raqqa By South Front, October 17 2019

On October 16, units of the Syrian Army entered the city of Raqqah for the first time since 2014. The Kurdish-led Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) has controlled the city since 2017, when they with help from the United States seized

Could Turkish Aggression Boost Peace in Syria? Has Triggered Exit of US, Britain and France By Firas Samuri, October 17 2019

On October 7, 2019, the U.S. President Donald Trump announced the withdrawal of American troops from northeast Syria, where the contingent alongside Kurdish militias controlled the vast territories. Trump clarified that the decision is connected with the intention of Turkey

US Plot to Transfer Thousands of ISIS Terrorists from Syria to Iraq By Drago Bosnic, October 17 2019

A senior Iraqi security expert disclosed that Washington is attempting to transfer 3,000 members of the ISIS terrorist group from Syria to Iraq. Hafez Al-Basharah told the Arabic-language al-Ma’aloumeh news website on Tuesday that the US which has created and

The Brexit Catch 22. The Great Con By Robert Woodward, October 17 2019

A catch-22 is a paradoxical situation from which an individual cannot escape because of contradictory rules or limitations. This is Britain – caught up in its own Brexit Catch 22. It started its own fire, bought no extinguisher and now

US Finally Bombs French Factory in Syria Infamous for Funding ISIS By Tony Cartalucci, October 17 2019

As spectacular and indicative of America’s sinking fortunes in Syria as its bombing of its own military base in northern Syria was – it is also an indicator of something else much more sinister.

CNN in its article, “US

Winners and Losers in the Turkish Attack on Kurds in Syria? By Elijah J. Magnier, October 17 2019

Turkish forces invaded north-east Syria (NES) only when it had coordinated with the US to define the red line of the invasion. Moreover, both superpowers, the US and Russia, protected Turkey by blocking an EU-drafted UN resolution to halt the

Russia-Africa Summit: The Roadmap to Africa, Shift in Geopolitical Relations By Kester Kenn Klomegah, October 17 2019

Russian President Vladimir Putin has sent warm greetings to African leaders, business people and participants early October, signaling that everything is set for the first Russia-Africa Summit in Sochi, southern coastal city of Russia.

The message reads, in part:

“Today,

Uneasy Damascus/Kurdish Alliance By Stephen Lendman, October 17 2019

Throughout most of Obama’s war, now Trump’s, against Syrian sovereign independence and territorial integrity, Kurdish YPG fighters and their politicians allied with US imperial aims for their own self-interest — including support for jihadists used as Pentagon/CIA proxy foot soldiers.

More Than 1,000 Palestinians in Gaza Have Bone Infections after Being Shot by Israeli Forces By Jewish Voice for Peace, October 17 2019

Gaza

Treating drug-resistant infections in Gaza under the blockade

Medicin Sans Frontieres 2 Sept. 2019-More than 7,400 Palestinians have been injured by live ammunition during protests in Gaza.  About half of those suffering from open fractures, in which the bone

The US Bids to Extradite DPRK Businessman from Malaysia ‘Solely Based on Politics’ By Dr. Derek Ford, October 17 2019

The legal battle over the extradition of Mun Chol-Myong to the United States continues, as Malaysian courts postpone judgment until the end of October. Mun is a 54-year-old citizen of the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea who has lived in

Mumia Abu-Jamal Just One Step from Freedom By Noelle Hanrahan, October 17 2019

From the minute Mumia picked up a microphone and a pen at the age of 14, Philadelphia’s notoriously racist police department has been seeking to silence him.  Just look at the FBI files- documenting that the Philadelphia PD Civil Disobedience

Global Economic Volatility. Towards a New Financial Crisis. Socio-Political Reactions By Eric Toussaint, Prof. Patrick Bond, Ishmael Lesufi, and Lisa Thompson, October 17 2019

Read the first part of this series here.

The elements of a new international financial crisis are in place. Although we do not know when it will break out, it is unavoidable, and its impact on world economy will

Bashar al-Assad Government Poised to Fulfill the Promise of Regaining all Syrian Territory By Steven Sahiounie, October 17 2019

“Our proposal is for the terrorists to lay down their arms, leave their equipment, destroy the traps they have created, and leave the safe zone we designated, as of tonight,” Turkish President Erdogan said. “If this is

History of America’s Labor Movement By Larry Romanoff, October 17 2019

In contrast to most other industrialised nations, the US has never accepted the concept of labor unions, which were always denigrated in the media as a kind of dangerous socialism that would exploit workers. But it was always true that

Video: Syrian Kurds’ Protection Deal with Assad Explained By South Front, October 17 2019

The Kurdish-led Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) have reached a groundbreaking deal with the Assad government.

This happened on October 13 evening after the US-led coalition expectedly abandoned their ‘local partners’ in face of Turkey’s Operation Peace Spring and an ‘accident

Will Iran be the Next to Withdraw from Syria? By Andrew Korybko, October 17 2019

The smoothness with which the US’ “sudden” withdrawal played out and the Pentagon’s decision not to militantly enforce the so-called “deconfliction line” along the Euphrates River after the Syrian Arab Army (SAA) triumphantly crossed it en route to protecting their

U.S., NATO, Turkey Out of Syria! By Sara Flounders, October 17 2019

The conflict within the U.S. ruling class about the Turkish invasion of northern Syria has created some confusion about events there. The latest new development — an alliance of Kurdish-based forces with the Syrian national army to defend the border

Climate Change
Planet Has Been Heating Up for Almost Two Centuries By Shane Quinn, October 17 2019

First published by Global Research on September 4, 2018

Note to readers: please click the share buttons above  

The Irish scientist John Tyndall, one of the most distinguished physicists in modern history, provided evidence in 1861 that human-generated gases

War is Good for Business and Organized Crime: Afghanistan’s Multibillion Dollar Opium Trade. Rising Heroin Addiction in the US By Prof Michel Chossudovsky, October 17 2019
Despite president Trump’s announced US troop withdrawal, the Afghan opium trade continues to flourish. It is protected by US-NATO occupation forces on behalf of a nexus of powerful financial and criminal interests.
Why Withdrawing US Troops from Northern Syria Is Good By Rick Sterling, October 17 2019

The foreign policy elite is in an uproar. They claim “we have abandoned our allies”. They question “how can America be trusted?” They say the decision to withdraw from northern Syria was a “gift”  to Russia, Iran, and Assad…. even

When Time Stands Still By Edward Curtin, October 17 2019

The intimate human experience of time standing still is universal, although rare.  When we undergo it, we are stunned.  Silence seems to enclose us. It is the correlative to the more common experience of time passing at different speeds, sometimes

Israel Prepares to Turn Bedouin Citizens into Refugees in Their Own Country By Jonathan Cook, October 17 2019

The decades-long struggle by tens of thousands of Israelis against being uprooted from their homes – some for the second or third time – should be proof enough that Israel is not the western-style liberal democracy it claims to be.

United States and Venezuela: A Historical Background By Prof. James Petras, October 17 2019

First published on Global Research on May 18, 2019.

“Venezuela has the largest oil reserves in the world and they own it and we want it” — (Anonymous Trump official)

Introduction

US hostility and efforts to overthrow the Venezuelan government …

Plans for Redrawing the Middle East: The Project for a “New Middle East” By Mahdi Darius Nazemroaya, October 17 2019
Towards the balkanization (division) and finlandization (pacification) of the Middle East
To Think or To Work? That Is the Question. Crisis of America’s Public Education System By John Klyczek, October 16 2019

On both sides of the political aisle, workforce-training reforms are being touted as the be-all, end-all of America’s public education system.

Right-wing “school choice” proponents, such as President Donald Trump and Education Secretary Betsy DeVos, push corporate charter school

Trump EPA’s Review Fails to Acknowledge Paraquat Weed Killer’s Links to Parkinson’s Disease By Center For Biological Diversity, October 16 2019

The Environmental Protection Agency today released two scientific analyses of paraquat that detail the weed killer’s lethal risks to humans and wildlife but discount its strong links to Parkinson’s disease.

The agency opened a 60-day comment period on the assessments, …

The African Swine Fever Outbreak, Devastating Impacts on Food Supply By Dr. Binoy Kampmark, October 16 2019

You cannot get away from it, at least in print or in Google land. African swine fever is doing its rounds, cutting through the swine population of Asia with remorseless dedication.  Since its deadly debut in China last year, it

Farage, the Brexit Party – and the Con-trick By True Publica, October 16 2019

On May 16th 2016, over a month before the 2016 EU referendum, Nigel Farage said – “In a 52-48 referendum this would be unfinished business by a long way. If the Remain campaign win two-thirds to one-third that ends it.”

Winners and Losers in the Turkish Attack on Kurds in Syria By Elijah J. Magnier, October 16 2019

President Donald Trump has given the orders to begin a “deliberate withdrawal” of his troops and end the occupation of north-east Syria (NES). This is accelerating the race between the Turkish and the Syrian forces to control NES.

IMF
Bretton Woods Institutions’ Neoliberal Over-reach Leaves Global Governance in the Gutter By Prof. Patrick Bond, October 16 2019

This week, the annual meeting of the World Bank and International Monetary Fund will again be held in Washington, DC, with back-slapping now that the Bretton Woods twins have reached age 75 (they were founded at a New Hampshire hotel

Donetsk Village Resident Question to the West: “Why Do You Support (Ukrainian) Nazis?” By Eva Bartlett, October 16 2019

In Krutaya Balka, a village north of Donetsk which is routinely attacked by Ukrainian forces with shelling and heavy machine gun fire, I meet a man standing outside his home, where he lives with his wife, roughly 600 metres from

Singer and Rap Artist M.I.A. Visits Julian Assange in Prison: “It’s About Truth—and that’s Something People Have to Uphold and Fight for” By Laura Tiernan, October 16 2019

Singer and rap artist M.I.A. visited Julian Assange at Belmarsh Prison on Saturday, calling for his freedom. The WikiLeaks publisher and journalist faces extradition to the United States under the Espionage Act, with charges that carry a 175-year prison term.

U.S. Sanctions Could Push Turkey to Leave NATO By Paul Antonopoulos, October 16 2019

The administration of the Kurdish-controlled regions in north-eastern Syria announced on Sunday that they had reached an agreement with the central Syrian government in Damascus to deploy Syrian troops along areas of the border region with Turkey to help repel

Ecuador Regime’s “Fake Deal” with Protesters: Neocon Moreno Surrendered to IMF “Financial Terrorism” By Stephen Lendman, October 16 2019

President Lenin Moreno betrayed ordinary Ecuadorians by abandoning his pledge to continue progressive policies of his predecessor Rafeal Correa.

Instead he instituted force-fed austerity, enforced with police state harshness, and sold Julian Assange to the US and UK for a …

China Vows Strong Countermeasures in Response to Hostile US Legislation By Stephen Lendman, October 16 2019

The so-called US Hong Kong Human Rights and Democracy Act of 2019 was unanimously adopted by House and Senate committees.

On Tuesday, House members unanimously passed the measure, Senate adoption virtually certain, perhaps by unanimous voice vote.

The measure ignored …

American workers
Millions Hungry and Food Insecure in the US By Stephen Lendman, October 16 2019

Poverty, unemployment, underemployment, hunger, food insecurity, and overall deprivation affect million of households in the world’s richest country USA.

Why? It’s because both right wings of its war party devote most of the nation’s discretionary income for militarism, maintaining the …

Stable Ignoramus Trump: Kurds Didn’t Help US Win World War II By Kurt Nimmo, October 16 2019

It is a strange experience witnessing The Donald fumble his way through foreign policy, which he knows almost nothing about.

In the awkward press conference below, Trump stumbles his way through history. His explanation for abandoning the Kurds? They didn’t

Video: Syrian Army Taking Control of Key Positions in SDF-held Area By South Front, October 16 2019

On October 14, units of the Syrian Army started entering areas controlled by the Kurdish-led Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) in northeastern Syria.

The terms and conditions of the deal made by the SDF and Damascus are yet to be revealed, …

Scotland Edges Closer to Independence Amid Brexit Chaos By Johanna Ross, October 16 2019

Scottish First Minister Nicola Sturgeon announced on Sunday that she would be setting a date for a second referendum on Scottish independence within ‘a matter of weeks’. Speaking on the BBC’s Andrew Marr show she said that she would seek

Are We Blocking Out the Sun? By F. William Engdahl, October 16 2019

Climate change is real. However, serious scientific evidence is pointing to a very different causality than most discuss. Climate is a huge subject, an immensely complex one. There is controversy around whether we must implement drastic new taxes on fuels

Terrorized, Traumatized and Killed: The Police State’s Deadly Toll on America’s Children By John W. Whitehead, October 16 2019

Mommy, am I gonna die?”— 4-year-old Ava Ellis after being inadvertently shot in the leg by a police officer who was aiming for the girl’s boxer-terrier dog, Patches

“‘Am I going to get shot again.’”—2-year-old survivor

$35 Billion: UK Faces Huge Loss from Electric Vehicle Adoption By Jon LeSage, October 15 2019

If Great Britain keeps its commitment to switch over its vehicles to electric by 2050, the government will see a whopping loss of 28 billion pounds ($35 billion) paid by motorists driving traditional gasoline- and diesel-powered vehicles.

That comes from …

Trump OK’s Sanctions on Turkey By Stephen Lendman, October 15 2019

Trump, House and Senate officials threatened sanctions on Turkey for its cross-border offensive in Syria.

On Monday, Trump OK’d their imposition by the US Treasury — despite green lighting Turkish aggression before launched, withdrawing US troops from northeast Syrian areas

The National Basketball Association (NBA): A Multi-Billion Dollar Colossus By Stephen Lendman, October 15 2019

Founded in 1946 as a fledgling enterprise, today’s NBA is big business.

Winning is all about big bucks for management and players, along with growing valuation of NBA franchises, on average worth nearly $2 billion.

The most highly valued are …

Celebrating Seven Years of the Global Research News Hour with Michael Welch By Michael Welch, October 15 2019

This coming October 22nd will mark 7 years since the Global Research News Hour radio program made its debut not only on the Global Research website but also on the public airwaves as a community radio program.

To date, we …

The Unspoken History of the Holy Roman Empire. Its Germanic Origins By Nauman Sadiq, October 15 2019

Christianity in its present form came into being after the eleventh century “Great Schism”(1054 AD) between the Eastern Orthodox and Roman Catholic Church. Before that, it used to be an exclusively Byzantine affair and most of Western Europe followed pagan

One Rocket Provoked the US Withdrawal: Details of the Kurdish-Russian-Syrian Deal By Elijah J. Magnier, October 15 2019

Last Friday a 155 mm artillery shell landed 300 metres from a US command post near the Syrian bordering city of Ayn al-Arab (known by the Syrian Kurds as “Kobane”) during an ongoing operation carried out by Turkey – a

The Dangers of Transgenic Mosquitos: Scientific Study Under Attack By GMWatch, October 15 2019

A recent journal article about GM mosquitoes has caused quite a stir. It showed that some of the male mosquitoes that Oxitec Ltd released experimentally in Brazil had successfully interbred with the local mosquito population, and that their hybrid

“Pink Tide” Against US Domination Rising Again in Latin America and the Caribbean By Kevin Zeese and Margaret Flowers, October 15 2019

Once again, the left is rising in Latin America as people revolt against authoritarian regimes, many of whom were put in place by US-supported coups. These regimes have taken International Monetary Fund (IMF) loans and are under the thumb of

Trump Wants to End the “Stupid Wars”? By Philip Giraldi, October 15 2019

The discussion, if one might even call it that, regarding the apparent President Donald Trump decision to withdraw at least some American soldiers from Syria has predictably developed along partisan, ideologically fueled lines. Trump has inevitably muddied the waters by

In Pictures: What If Palestine Had Its Own Currency? By Maha Hussaini, October 15 2019

Designer Jehad Naji, 29, pictured here with his wife Haneen Abu Samhadana, had the idea of designing a currency for Palestine after a British journalist asked him about which currency to use during a visit to Gaza.

Naji

Trump Dumps the Kurds: US and Russian Officers “Coordinate Military Movements” in Northeastern Syria By Steven Sahiounie, October 15 2019

The US and Russian military officers met late last night in Al Farat, a small village north of Manbij, northeast of Aleppo, according to media ‘Al Mayadeen’. 

***

The purpose of the meeting was to coordinate military movements in the

Syria Has Restored 1554 Schools Completely Destroyed by NATO Sponsored Terrorists By Arabi Souri, October 15 2019

Syrian Ministry of Education managed to restore and rehabilitate 1554 schools and set the plans to rehabilitate 1000 other schools achieving 90% of the current plan thus far. 10,000 teaching jobs to be added in a month from now.

In …

Saudi Arabia Is Opening Its Doors: But What Will You See Once There? By Andre Vltchek, October 15 2019

The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia is opening up to the world. It used to be absolutely impossible to get a visa to enter, unless you were a religious pilgrim (therefore officially a Muslim), NATO military personnel, or a businessman or

5G in Space: More 5G Satellites to be Launched by SpaceX. Federal Lawsuit against 5G By Arthur Firstenberg, October 15 2019

Demonstrations against 5G on Earth have been taking place in many parts of the world (see below for the most recent events). Alarmingly, 5G in Space is being ignored. There is a reason this Appeal is called the 5G Space

Erdogan Holding 50 US Tactical Nukes ‘Hostage’ as Trump Authorizes Sanctions By Zero Hedge, October 15 2019

Amid all the media and pundit outrage since Turkey’s President Erdogan launched his so-called ‘Operation Peace Spring’ into northeast Syria last week, vowing to wipe out Syrian Kurdish forces who’ve long held the border areas, what’s been largely missing is

Trump’s Bankrupt Syria Policy: Civilians Will Pay the Price By Vassilis K. Fouskas and Bulent Gokay, October 15 2019

The Trump administration decision to allow Turkey to have a free ride in Rojava, North-East Syria opens the door for new disasters for all, especially the civilians on the ground. More, it confirms the decline of US power in the